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最高检:捍卫英雄烈士荣誉与尊严提起行政公益诉讼

2018-05-05 15:09:16 常州亿创钣金加工厂 阅读

最高人民检察院近日发出《关于贯彻〈中华人民共和国英雄烈士保护法〉捍卫英雄烈士荣誉与尊严的通知》,要求各级检察机关民行部门认真贯彻实施英烈保护法,深入摸排侵害英烈名誉荣誉案件线索,充分发挥检察机关在英烈保护方面职能作用。

通知要求,各级检察机关民行部门深入摸排侵害英雄烈士名誉荣誉案件线索,夯实检察机关履行检察公益监督职能的基础。加强与检察机关其他内设机构的联系,重视从新闻媒体上发现案件线索,注重从群众举报中获取案件线索。

通知要求,各级检察机关民行部门应严格程序,办理典型案件。要通过办理一批典型案件,实现起诉一起、警示一片、教育和影响社会面的良好效果。根据英烈保护法第二十五条、第二十六条的规定,以侮辱、诽谤或者其他方式侵害英雄烈士的姓名、肖像、名誉、荣誉,损害社会公共利益的,依法承担民事责任。英雄烈士没有近亲属或者近亲属不提起诉讼的,检察机关依法向法院提起民事公益诉讼。各级民行检察部门要按照英烈保护法、侵权责任法及《最高人民法院关于审理利用信息网络侵害人身权益民事纠纷案件适用法律若干问题的规定》等法律和司法解释的要求,准确把握侵权行为人、网络运营者的责任承担方式,提出有针对性诉讼请求,确保法律适用正确。要全面调查收集证据,确保庭审质量和效果。

通知强调,各级检察机关民行部门要充分运用支持起诉等职能,依法支持英雄烈士的近亲属向法院提起民事诉讼,保护英雄烈士名誉荣誉。要注意督促负责英雄烈士保护工作的部门和行政机关依法履行监管职责。对属国有文物的英雄烈士纪念设施,相关行政机关违法行使职权或者不作为,符合行政诉讼法第二十五条第四款规定的,可以提起行政公益诉讼。

The Supreme People's Procuratorate recently issued a notice on the protection of the honor and dignity of heroes of heroic martyrs by the People's Republic of China heroic martyrs protection law, which requires the public departments of procuratorial organs at all levels to conscientiously carry out the law of protection of the heroic martyrs, and deeply touch the clues to the violation of the honor and honor of the heroic martyrs, and make full use of the procuratorial organs in the heroic protection. Function of protection.


The notice requires that the departments of the procuratorial organs at all levels touch up the clues of the case of the honorary and honorary cases of the heroic martyrs, and tamp the basis for the procuratorial organs to perform the procuratorial functions of public procuratorate. We should strengthen the links with other internal organs of procuratorial organs, attach importance to finding clues from news media, and pay attention to obtaining clues from people's reports.


The notice requires that the civil and administrative departments of procuratorial organs at all levels should strictly handle procedures and handle typical cases.  Through handling a number of typical cases, we can achieve good results of prosecution, warning, education and social influence. According to the provisions of the twenty-fifth and twenty-sixth articles of the law of the heroic protection law, the names, portraits, reputations and honors of the heroic martyrs are infringed on, defamed or other means, and they are liable to civil liability in accordance with the law. The heroic martyrs have no close relatives or close relatives not to initiate proceedings, and the procuratorial organs bring civil public interest litigation to the court according to law. The procuratorial departments of the people's banks at all levels should accurately grasp the responsibility of the infringer and network operators according to the requirements of the law, the law of tort liability, the law of the Supreme People's court and the requirements of the legal and judicial interpretations of the application of the law to the cases of the application of the civil disputes in the case of the infringement of the personal rights and interests of the people's rights and interests by the Supreme People's court. Targeted litigation requests ensure that the law is applied correctly. A comprehensive investigation should be conducted to collect evidence to ensure the quality and effectiveness of trial.


The notice emphasizes that the public departments of the procuratorial organs at all levels should make full use of the functions of supporting the prosecution and other functions, and support the close relatives of the heroic martyrs according to law to bring civil action to the court and protect the honorary honor of the heroic martyrs. We should pay attention to supervise and urge the departments and administrative organs responsible for the protection of heroes and martyrs to perform their supervisory duties according to law. For the commemorative facilities of the heroic martyrs belonging to state-owned cultural relics, the relevant administrative organs have illegal exercise of their functions and powers or do not act in accordance with the provisions of the twenty-fifth paragraph of the fourth paragraph of the administrative procedure law, and may bring up the administrative public interest litigation.



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